ItemReconstructing Delaware’s Free Black Communities, 1800-1870(2010-09-27) Sheppard, Rebecca J.; Toney, Kimberly; Koch, Rebecca; Greene, Keonna; Olsen, Allison; Selway, Rachel; Downes, Rebecca; Bunce, Emily; Laurel, Sarah; Protokowicz, Elizabeth; Triandos, Ted; Fangman, Ann; Joshi, MiliThe current study, conducted by CHAD and funded by the National Park Service through the URCD, initially began with two straight-forward research objectives: 1) to uncover the role of free black communities in the Underground Railroad in Delaware, and 2) to identify the use of water routes to escape from or through the state. As the project evolved, several more goals were added, reflecting some of the issues and complications encountered during the research. These objectives focused primarily on the research methodologies developed in conjunction with the initial goals: 3) to create a methodology for the study of free black communities in Delaware; 4) to develop a strategy for mapping the known data about free black communities and UGRR routes through Delaware; and 5) to identify a list of further research needs. This report is broken into several sections that reflect these objectives. First, the introduction includes a detailed explanation of the methodology developed to study free black communities, as well as identification of some of the common problems with the process and the biasesof the records available. Second, the section on free black communities provides both an overview for the patterns seen across the state and a series of case studies that explore the particular circumstances of five different communities. Each of the case studies addresses the particular issues related to the methodology and sources for that location. The results of the mapping research are incorporated into the overview discussion of free black communities and into a separate section discussing potential routes for freedom-seekers.A final section addresses areas of future research needs. ItemThe Almshouse and Insane Asylum: Salem County's Landmarks and Legacy of Poor Relief(2010-06-14T18:09:30Z) Sheridan, Janet L.Salem County possesses a tangible legacy of public poor relief. This legacy is embodied in a landmark building known as the Salem County Insane Asylum. It is the survivor of a pair of brick buildings known in more recent times as the Lakeview Complex and the County Home,situated on the County Farm in Mannington Township. The Salem County Almshouse was the other of these two significant, related buildings, but it was lost in April, 2007. Late efforts to let a stabilization contract and raise funding were met with disappointment, and it began collapsing in on itself after years of neglect. The surviving Insane Asylum has been nominated to the National Register of Historic Places, and that nomination documents that building primarily. This paper evolved out of an effort to nominate both buildings which preceded the demolition of the Almshouse. It documents the broader historic context and the architecture of both buildings. ItemThe House and Garden in Central Delaware, 1780-1930+/-(2010-02-26T19:44:50Z) Sheppard, Rebecca J.; Andrzejewski, Anna; McCarthy, Deidre C.In response to demographic pressures, changing agricultural practices, and the influence of agricultural reform writers, central Delaware farmers began to develop new strategies for dealing with married agricultural laborers and their families during the nineteenth century. They constructed dwellings specifically designed to house these laborers and established lease-labor arrangements that governed both labor obligations and housing rental. Known as a "house and garden," these buildings typically took the form of one finished room and a rough kitchen shed on the ground floor, with a winder stair leading to a second room under the roof. Characterized by extremely plain finish on walls and architectural elements, and built tobe easily portable, the dwellings sat on a small plot of ground suitable for a garden and a few animals. Variations in the physical form of the house and garden dwelling include orientation to the road (either gable or elevation), height (1 1/2 or 2 full stories), the number of bays on the front elevation (usually two or three), and the position of a shed (gable end, rear elevation, or none). ItemNebraska RP3: Vernacular Architecture Position PaperHerman, Bernard L.As called for in the Nebraska "Request for Comment," this position paper on vernacular architecture and the RP3 seeks to address: First, thetheoretical concerns of your discipline relative to the identification and evaluation of historic material culture; and second, your thoughts on the formulation of a holistic, interdisciplinary framework under which individual (but interconnected) study units can be defined. ItemWestern Sussex Scenic and Historic Highway(Center for Historic Architecture and Design, 2009-07-21) Ames, David L.The proposed Western Sussex Scenic and Historic Highway extends 22.2 miles along several roads in western Sussex County, from the exit for Bridgeville Road on US 13 to the point where Market St. in Laurel rejoins US 13. This road is being nominated to the Scenic and Historic Highway Program of the Delaware Department of Transportation by the Western Sussex Scenic and Historic Highway Citizens Committee with the assistance of the Center for Historic Architecture and Design at the University of Delaware. ItemMaple Grove Farm(1984) Center for Historic Architecture and DesignMaple Grove Farm is located on the south side of route 299 .8 miles east of Middletown. It is set in an environment of cultivated fields and a modern court of farm buildings. The house is set off the south side of the road up a tree lined lane approximatley one mile back from the public thoroughfare. A parcel of one acre including the house and a small stone meathouse compose the nomination. The surrounding farm complex, of recent vintage, is excluded from the nominated property.