Effects of contact/collision sport history on gait in early- to mid-adulthood

Author(s)Hunzinger, Katherine J.
Author(s)Caccese, Jaclyn B.
Author(s)Mannix, Rebekah
Author(s)Meehan, William P. III
Author(s)Hafer, Jocelyn F.
Author(s)Swanik, C. Buz
Author(s)Buckley, Thomas A.
Date Accessioned2023-05-16T15:28:51Z
Date Available2023-05-16T15:28:51Z
Publication Date2023-05-01
DescriptionThis article was originally published in Journal of Sport and Health Science. The version of record is available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2022.12.004. © 2023 Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of Shanghai University of Sport. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license.(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
AbstractBackground: To determine the effect of contact/collision sport participation on measures of single-task (ST) and dual-task (DT) gait among early- to middle-aged adults. Methods: The study recruited 113 adults (34.88 ± 11.80 years, (mean ± SD); 53.0% female) representing 4 groups. Groups included (a) former non-contact/collision athletes and non-athletes who are not physically active (n = 28); (b) former non-contact/collision athletes who are physically active (n = 29); (c) former contact/collision sport athletes who participated in high-risk sports and are physically active (n = 29); and (d) former rugby players with prolonged repetitive head impact exposure history who are physically active (n = 27). Gait parameters were collected using inertial measurement units during ST and DT gait. DT cost was calculated for all gait parameters (double support, gait speed, and stride length). Groups were compared first using one-way analysis of covariance. Then a multiple regression was performed for participants in the high-risk sport athletes and repetitive head impact exposure athletes groups only to predict gait outcomes from contact/collision sport career duration. Results: There were no significant differences between groups on any ST, DT, or DT cost outcomes (p > 0.05). Contact/collision sport duration did not predict any ST, DT, or DT cost gait outcomes. Conclusion: Years and history of contact/collision sport participation does not appear to negatively affect or predict neurobehavioral function in early- to mid-adulthood among physically active individuals. Graphical abstract available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2022.12.004
SponsorThe authors thank all the participants who participated in this study and all the collaborators and friends who helped share our study flyers to promote participant recruitment. This study and publication were made possible and funded in part by the University of Delaware Unidel Distinguished Graduate Scholars Fellowship and Department of Kinesiology and Applied Physiology Doctoral Research Fund. Additionally, Dr. Hunzinger acknowledges funding support in part by the Department of Defense grant W81XWH-21-1-0590, the Penn Injury Science Center, and National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke brain injury training grant T32 NS043126. Opinions, interpretations, conclusions, and recommendations are those of the authors and are not necessarily endorsed by the Department of Defense. Competing interests: Dr. Hunzinger is an independent contractor with USA Rugby as a World Rugby Educator for the Strength and Conditioning and Referee Strands. Dr. Meehan receives royalties from (1) ABC-Clio publishing for the sale of his books, Kids, sports, and concussion: A guide for coaches and parents, and concussions; (2) Springer International for the book Head and neck injuries in young athlete, and (3) Wolters Kluwer for working as an author for UpToDate. His research is funded, in part, by philanthropic support from the National Hockey League Alumni Association through the Corey C. Griffin Pro-Am Tournament, and a grant from the National Football League. All the supporting entities had no involvement in the study design and writing of the manuscript or the decision to submit it for publication. The other authors have nothing to disclose.
CitationHunzinger, Katherine J., Jaclyn B. Caccese, Rebekah Mannix, William P. Meehan, Jocelyn F. Hafer, C. Buz Swanik, and Thomas A. Buckley. “Effects of Contact/Collision Sport History on Gait in Early- to Mid-Adulthood.” Journal of Sport and Health Science 12, no. 3 (May 1, 2023): 398–405. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2022.12.004.
PublisherJournal of Sport and Health Science
Keywordsneurodegenerative disease
Keywordspostural control
Keywordssubconcussive impacts
TitleEffects of contact/collision sport history on gait in early- to mid-adulthood
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