Effects of contact/collision sport history on gait in early- to mid-adulthood

Background: To determine the effect of contact/collision sport participation on measures of single-task (ST) and dual-task (DT) gait among early- to middle-aged adults. Methods: The study recruited 113 adults (34.88 ± 11.80 years, (mean ± SD); 53.0% female) representing 4 groups. Groups included (a) former non-contact/collision athletes and non-athletes who are not physically active (n = 28); (b) former non-contact/collision athletes who are physically active (n = 29); (c) former contact/collision sport athletes who participated in high-risk sports and are physically active (n = 29); and (d) former rugby players with prolonged repetitive head impact exposure history who are physically active (n = 27). Gait parameters were collected using inertial measurement units during ST and DT gait. DT cost was calculated for all gait parameters (double support, gait speed, and stride length). Groups were compared first using one-way analysis of covariance. Then a multiple regression was performed for participants in the high-risk sport athletes and repetitive head impact exposure athletes groups only to predict gait outcomes from contact/collision sport career duration. Results: There were no significant differences between groups on any ST, DT, or DT cost outcomes (p > 0.05). Contact/collision sport duration did not predict any ST, DT, or DT cost gait outcomes. Conclusion: Years and history of contact/collision sport participation does not appear to negatively affect or predict neurobehavioral function in early- to mid-adulthood among physically active individuals. Graphical abstract available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2022.12.004
This article was originally published in Journal of Sport and Health Science. The version of record is available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2022.12.004. © 2023 Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of Shanghai University of Sport. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license.(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
exercise, neurodegenerative disease, postural control, rugby, subconcussive impacts
Hunzinger, Katherine J., Jaclyn B. Caccese, Rebekah Mannix, William P. Meehan, Jocelyn F. Hafer, C. Buz Swanik, and Thomas A. Buckley. “Effects of Contact/Collision Sport History on Gait in Early- to Mid-Adulthood.” Journal of Sport and Health Science 12, no. 3 (May 1, 2023): 398–405. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2022.12.004.