A Novel Sea Clutter Rejection Algorithm for Spaceborne Multichannel Radar Systems

Author(s)Huang, Penghui
Author(s)Yang, Hao
Author(s)Xia, Xiang-Gen
Author(s)Zou, Zihao
Author(s)Liu, Xingzhao
Author(s)Liao, Guisheng
Date Accessioned2022-09-30T14:45:11Z
Date Available2022-09-30T14:45:11Z
Publication Date2022-09-08
Description© 2022 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works. This article was originally published in IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing. The version of record is available at: https://doi.org/10.1109/TGRS.2022.3204324en_US
AbstractDue to the high-speed movement of a spaceborne radar (SBR) platform, the geographic clutter spectrum expands severely, resulting in the useful moving target signal submerged by the main-lobe clutter background. To deal with this issue, the equipped multichannel arrays in an SBR system provide sufficient spatial degrees, and as a consequence, the space-time adaptive processing (STAP) technology is often preferred to achieve the moving target detection, even in the main-lobe clutter regions. However, for the moving target detection under the sea scene, due to the complex internal motion of sea clutter, the clutter signal received by an SBR system may possess the space- and time-varying characteristics, worsening the multichannel clutter rejection performance using the traditional STAP techniques. In this article, a novel sea clutter suppression method based on the joint space-time-frequency adaptive filtering is proposed. In the proposed algorithm, according to the coherent time analysis of sea clutter, the subaperture time-domain sliding window is employed to alleviate the clutter decorrelation effect, and then, a modified subspace projection technique is applied to accomplish the first-stage clutter rejection. After realizing the effective signal recovery with respect to these residual subaperture clutter data, the second-stage spatial filtering method is applied to realize the final clutter suppression with respect to the relatively high Doppler resolution clutter returns. The effectiveness of the proposed algorithm is verified by both simulated multichannel sea clutter data and real-measured sea clutter data.en_US
SponsorThis work was supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation Program of China under Grants 62171272 and 62161029, in part by the USCAST2021-15, SAST2019-071, and Jiangxi Provincial Natural Science Foundation under Grant 20202BABL202002.en_US
CitationP. Huang, H. Yang, X. -G. Xia, Z. Zou, X. Liu and G. Liao, "A Novel Sea Clutter Rejection Algorithm for Spaceborne Multichannel Radar Systems," in IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 60, pp. 1-22, 2022, Art no. 5117422, doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2022.3204324.en_US
PublisherIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensingen_US
KeywordsMultichannel sea clutter rejectionen_US
Keywordsspace-time adaptive procession (STAP)en_US
Keywordsspaceborne radar (SBR)en_US
Keywordssubaperture time-domain sliding processingen_US
Keywordstwo-stage clutter rejectionen_US
TitleA Novel Sea Clutter Rejection Algorithm for Spaceborne Multichannel Radar Systemsen_US
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