A Novel Sea Clutter Rejection Algorithm for Spaceborne Multichannel Radar Systems

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IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Due to the high-speed movement of a spaceborne radar (SBR) platform, the geographic clutter spectrum expands severely, resulting in the useful moving target signal submerged by the main-lobe clutter background. To deal with this issue, the equipped multichannel arrays in an SBR system provide sufficient spatial degrees, and as a consequence, the space-time adaptive processing (STAP) technology is often preferred to achieve the moving target detection, even in the main-lobe clutter regions. However, for the moving target detection under the sea scene, due to the complex internal motion of sea clutter, the clutter signal received by an SBR system may possess the space- and time-varying characteristics, worsening the multichannel clutter rejection performance using the traditional STAP techniques. In this article, a novel sea clutter suppression method based on the joint space-time-frequency adaptive filtering is proposed. In the proposed algorithm, according to the coherent time analysis of sea clutter, the subaperture time-domain sliding window is employed to alleviate the clutter decorrelation effect, and then, a modified subspace projection technique is applied to accomplish the first-stage clutter rejection. After realizing the effective signal recovery with respect to these residual subaperture clutter data, the second-stage spatial filtering method is applied to realize the final clutter suppression with respect to the relatively high Doppler resolution clutter returns. The effectiveness of the proposed algorithm is verified by both simulated multichannel sea clutter data and real-measured sea clutter data.
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Multichannel sea clutter rejection, space-time adaptive procession (STAP), spaceborne radar (SBR), subaperture time-domain sliding processing, two-stage clutter rejection
P. Huang, H. Yang, X. -G. Xia, Z. Zou, X. Liu and G. Liao, "A Novel Sea Clutter Rejection Algorithm for Spaceborne Multichannel Radar Systems," in IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 60, pp. 1-22, 2022, Art no. 5117422, doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2022.3204324.