Browsing Latin American & Iberian Studies by Issue Date
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ItemResource Conservation and Rural Neglect: An Example from Petén, Guatemala.(Latin American Studies Program, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 1999-12-15) Shriar, Avrum J. ItemResearch and Teaching at the Centro de Investigaciones de Puerto Rico(Latin American Studies Program, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 1999-12-15) Roe, Peter G. ItemWorking Forests: Mexican Farmers' Challenge to Conservation(Latin American Studies Program, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 1999-12-15) Haenn, Nora ItemRecent Research Contributions of Genetics to the Studies of Population History and Anthropology in Puerto Rico(Latin American Studies Program, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 2000-08-15) Martínez Cruzado, Juan Carlos ItemDe antropofagias y logofagias literarias en la literatura argentina.(Latin American Studies Program, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 2000-08-15) Hortiguera, HugoThe XVI century chronicles written about the early settlers of Buenos Aires start with frequent references to cannibalism. In fact, the first writers who describe the beginning of the European presence in the region do not hesitate to stress the emptiness of those lands which would have driven the newcomers insane and would have pushed them to cannibalistic acts. During the following centuries, this motif was extended to the literary discourse as a rhetorical artifice. Argentinean writers interested in writing about their milieu always considered themselves immersed in an "empty" literary scenario which compelled them to "consume" or cannibalize other writers' words and cultures. Antropofagia became logofagia. Parody and pastiche of other [para]literatures were the devices they found to survive in those deserted lands. The aim of this article is to review the different aspects and the deveolpment of this concept of antropofagia/logofagia as a motif and as a discursive mechanism. ItemLa presencia alemana en el romanticismo de Hispanoamérica(Latin American Studies Program, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 2000-08-15) Wedel, Alfred ItemThe United States Media and the Guatemalan Coup d'etat of 1954(Latin American Studies Program, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 2000-12-15) Day, John Kyle;This paper will examine the media’s coverage of the events of 1954 that led to the overthrow of the duly elected Arbenz with aid from the U.S. Specifically, the presentation of events by the Christian Science Monitor, The Nation, the New York Times, and Time and Newsweek magazines will be addressed. By examining these periodicals’ coverage of the Guatemalan coup d’état of 1954, this paper will show that during the period the U.S. media failed in its responsibility to objectively report upon the activities of its government within Latin America in general and Guatemala in particular. This failure by the journalism community was the result of preexisting notions of paternalism, the historical precedent of intervention, financial and political ties between U.S. media and business interests in Latin America, and most importantly, the prevailing climate of public opinion that existed in the U.S. during the Cold War. ItemEl Rey de Centro Habana: Conversación con Pedro Juan Gutiérrez(Latin American Studies Program, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 2000-12-15) Clark, Stephen J. ItemNotas sobre la presencia del México indígena en la obra de Octavio Paz(Latin American Studies Program, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 2000-12-15) Camacho de Schmidt, Aurora ItemRejoinder to David Stoll's Response Concerning Article on Rigoberta Menchú(Latin American Studies Program, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 2001-07-15) Rogachevsky, Jorge R. ItemOn "Feminine Stereotypes and Roles in Theory and Practice in Argentina Before and After the First Lady Eva Perón" by Marta Raquel Zabaleta.(Latin American Studies Program, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 2001-07-15) McInnis, Judy B. ItemDavid Stoll vs. Rigoberta Menchú: Indigenous Victims or Protagonists?(Latin American Studies Program, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 2001-07-15) Rogachevsky, Jorge R.The publication of Rigoberta Menchú and the Story of All Poor Guatemalans (Westview Press, 1999) by the anthropologist David Stoll has unleashed a major controversy. According to Stoll, a lengthy investigation carried out on the ground in Guatemala led him to question some aspects of Rigoberta Menchú’s life as narrated in the text, I, Rigoberta Menchú, a testimonial account of the Nobel Peace Laureate’s growing up in an indigenous community in Guatemala in the midst of poverty and increasing repression and violence. In the media, Stoll’s account has been taken at face value, starting with a front-page exposé-type article by Larry Rohter, published in The New York Times on December 15, 1998, under the title, "Tarnished Laureate". According to the media account of this controversy, Stoll has proven that Menchú lied about significant aspects of her life, and she is dismissed as yet another tarnished idol. This account of Stoll’s text is curious because he tells us that his intention was not to tarnish Menchú’s public stature. Neither was it to dismiss the validity of the account that the Rigoberta Menchú text provides regarding the repression suffered in Guatemala during that country’s thirty-six year civil war. Stoll’s intent is not to question the victimization of the indigenous population, but rather to promote his thesis that the indigenous population was not a class-conscious protagonist in the civil strife. Stoll takes up an analysis of the Menchú family as an emblematic representative of the indigenous community, and, by providing a revised account to the one narrated in I, Rigoberta Menchú, purports to demonstrate that the indigenous population in Guatemala was victimized by both the army and the guerrillas, and never constituted a rebellious class with its own agenda and activism. This paper looks carefully at Stoll’s own language to demonstrate that what is at stake in this controversy is the relative roles assigned to the investigating scholar and the object of investigation within a classical anthropological discourse. The Menchú text presents an active subject within an active community and provides an ideological lens to interpret the recent historical experience in Guatemala. Stoll’s lengthy account attempts to remove the agency represented in the Menchú text, defining indigenous Guatemalans solely as victims, denying their role as protagonists in the social struggles that convulsed their society, and dismissing the ideological lens as representative of an imposed perspective from outside, rather than characteristic of an indigenous perspective. In so doing, Stoll reinscribes the role of the scholar, and in particular the anthropologist, as the guardian of truth claims, and relegates indigenous Guatemalans to the role of objects of study with no legitimate independent role in the creation of historical understanding. Through a careful analysis of Stoll’s revisionist challenge, this paper intends to demonstrate that his account is logically incoherent. ItemIgnacio Bizarro Ujpán: Themes of a Tzutuhil Maya's Life Story.(Latin American Studies Program, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 2001-07-15) Sexton, James D.For the past twenty-nine years, Ignacio Bizarro Ujpán (a pseudonym) has been keeping a diary about his life, town (San José, a pseudonym), and country (Guatemala). During this time, I have been translating and editing his story, and, to date, we have published Son of Tecún Umán ( 1990), Campesino (1985), and Ignacio (1992). The last volume in this series, Joseño, will be published in 2001. This paper identifies and discusses prominent themes in Ignacio’s story, using examples from each of these books to illustrate the themes, and it offers insight into what it has meant to be a Tzutuhil Maya Indian living in the mid-western highlands for nearly three decades. ItemConundrum or Non Sequiturs? The Case of Vicente Menchú(Latin American Studies Program, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 2001-07-15) Stoll, David ItemOn "Femenino plural: la locura, la enfermedad, el cuerpo en las escritoras hispanoamericanas: Ensayos contra el margen" edited by Gladys Ilarregui(Latin American Studies Program, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 2002-02-15) Salgado, María A.Los once ensayos que reúne Gladys Ilarregui en esta edición se ocupan de unos temas--la locura, la enfermedad y el cuerpo--tradicionalmente silenciados por la sociedad y que sólo en épocas recientes se han convertido en objeto de investigación literaria. Su edición representa por tanto un acercamiento valioso por lo poco usual al estudio de varios textos y obras de escritoras hispanas. ItemExtracción de rentas en la banca estatal costarricense: el caso del Banco Anglo Costarricense(Latin American Studies Program, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 2002-02-15) Castro Reyes, AlexánderDesde la nacionalización bancaria de 1949, el sistema financiero costarricense se ha caracterizado por un marcado intervencionismo estatal en la fijación de las tasas de interés y en la distribución del crédito. ItemOn "Mexico Madness: Manifesto for a Disenchanted Generation" by Eduardo García Aguilar(Latin American Studies Program, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 2002-02-15) Adams, AnnaMexico Madness: Manifesto for a Disenchanted Generation by Colombian journalist/novelist/ poet Eduardo García Aguilar is an often insightful and moving, sometimes self-indulgent essay inspired by García's journey to Chiapas in December of 1995, one year after the Zapatista uprising. Item“Good Indians”, “Bad Indians”, “What Christians?”: The Dark Side of the New World in Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo y Valdés (1478-1557)(Latin American Studies Program, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 2002-08-15) Coello de la Rosa, AlexandreThe purpose of this article is to explore the discursive flaws and moral contradictions in Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo’s writings. These contradictions stem from his post as a royal chronicler of the Indies, which pitted him forcefully against the diabolical Indians while exalting Spain’s providential design, on the one hand, and his own judgment, which led him to criticize the arrogance, greed and military incompetence of some Spanish conquistadors, on the other. ItemCivil-Military Relations in Brazil and the Coup of 1945: The Application of a New Model to Explain Military Behavior(Latin American Studies Program, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 2002-08-15) Magalhães, Mariano J.Recent events in Peru, Venezuela, Argentina, and Colombia demonstrate very clearly that democracy remains unconsolidated in Latin America. The instability brought about by massive corruption, populism, economic chaos and guerrilla warfare also indicates that the sustainability of democracy rests on a number of factors. In this paper I apply a theory of military behavior to the 1945 coup d’etat in Brazil that deposed the dictator Getulio Vargas.