DeRLAS was founded in 1999 by professors América Martínez (retired) and Norman Schwartz (1932–2017) and has been published continuously since then (excepting the recent three-year hiatus) and will continue to be published twice a year (spring-summer, fall-winter). Beginning in 2019, we will be using the Public Knowledge Project (PKP)-Open Journal Systems (OJS)platform. Also, for the first time DeRLAS has its own special logo designed by Maestro Antonio Martorell which he based on Joaquín Torres-García's América invertida(1943), also known as the "Upside Down Map". Martorell explains: Al estilo de Joaquín Torres-García, el gran artista uruguayo, he tratado de jugar con la idea de invertir el orden de los factores habituales que privilegian al norte sobre el sur. En este caso el foco es la punta austral de nuestro continente convertido en cáliz de una flor sideral, de tal modo que el centro somos nosotros.
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(Latin American Studies Program, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 2000-08-15) Hortiguera, Hugo
The XVI century chronicles written
about the early settlers of Buenos Aires start with frequent references
cannibalism. In fact, the first writers who describe the beginning of
the European presence in the region do not
hesitate to stress the emptiness
of those lands which would have driven the newcomers insane and would have
them to cannibalistic acts. During the following centuries, this
motif was extended to the literary discourse as a
Argentinean writers interested in writing about their milieu always considered
in an "empty" literary scenario which compelled them
to "consume" or cannibalize other writers' words and cultures.
became logofagia. Parody and pastiche of other [para]literatures
were the devices they found to
survive in those deserted lands. The aim
of this article is to review the different aspects and the deveolpment
concept of antropofagia/logofagia as a motif and as a discursive
(Latin American Studies Program, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 2000-12-15) Day, John Kyle;
This paper will examine the media’s coverage of the events of 1954 that led to the overthrow of the duly elected Arbenz with aid from the U.S. Specifically, the presentation of events by the Christian Science Monitor, The Nation, the New York Times, and Time and Newsweek magazines will be addressed. By examining these periodicals’ coverage of the Guatemalan coup d’état of 1954, this paper will show that during the period the U.S. media failed in its responsibility to objectively report upon the activities of its government within Latin America in general and Guatemala in particular. This failure by the journalism community was the result of preexisting notions of paternalism, the historical precedent of intervention, financial and political ties between U.S. media and business interests in Latin America, and most importantly, the prevailing climate of public opinion that existed in the U.S. during the Cold War.
(Latin American Studies Program, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 2001-07-15) Rogachevsky, Jorge R.
The publication of Rigoberta Menchú and the Story of All Poor Guatemalans (Westview Press, 1999) by the anthropologist David Stoll has unleashed a major controversy. According to Stoll, a lengthy investigation carried out on the ground in Guatemala led him to question some aspects of Rigoberta Menchú’s life as narrated in the text, I, Rigoberta Menchú, a testimonial account of the Nobel Peace Laureate’s growing up in an indigenous community in Guatemala in the midst of poverty and increasing repression and violence. In the media, Stoll’s account has been taken at face value, starting with a front-page exposé-type article by Larry Rohter, published in The New York Times on December 15, 1998, under the title, "Tarnished Laureate". According to the media account of this controversy, Stoll has proven that Menchú lied about significant aspects of her life, and she is dismissed as yet another tarnished idol.
This account of Stoll’s text is curious because he tells us that his intention was not to tarnish Menchú’s public stature. Neither was it to dismiss the validity of the account that the Rigoberta Menchú text provides regarding the repression suffered in Guatemala during that country’s thirty-six year civil war. Stoll’s intent is not to question the victimization of the indigenous population, but rather to promote his thesis that the indigenous population was not a class-conscious protagonist in the civil strife. Stoll takes up an analysis of the Menchú family as an emblematic representative of the indigenous community, and, by providing a revised account to the one narrated in I, Rigoberta Menchú, purports to demonstrate that the indigenous population in Guatemala was victimized by both the army and the guerrillas, and never constituted a rebellious class with its own agenda and activism.
This paper looks carefully at Stoll’s own language to demonstrate that what is at stake in this controversy is the relative roles assigned to the investigating scholar and the object of investigation within a classical anthropological discourse. The Menchú text presents an active subject within an active community and provides an ideological lens to interpret the recent historical experience in Guatemala. Stoll’s lengthy account attempts to remove the agency represented in the Menchú text, defining indigenous Guatemalans solely as victims, denying their role as protagonists in the social struggles that convulsed their society, and dismissing the ideological lens as representative of an imposed perspective from outside, rather than characteristic of an indigenous perspective. In so doing, Stoll reinscribes the role of the scholar, and in particular the anthropologist, as the guardian of truth claims, and relegates indigenous Guatemalans to the role of objects of study with no legitimate independent role in the creation of historical understanding. Through a careful analysis of Stoll’s revisionist challenge, this paper intends to demonstrate that his account is logically incoherent.
(Latin American Studies Program, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 2001-07-15) Sexton, James D.
For the past twenty-nine years, Ignacio Bizarro Ujpán (a pseudonym) has been keeping a diary about his life, town (San José, a pseudonym), and country (Guatemala). During this time, I have been translating and editing his story, and, to date, we have published Son of Tecún Umán ( 1990), Campesino (1985), and Ignacio (1992). The last volume in this series, Joseño, will be published in 2001. This paper identifies and discusses prominent themes in Ignacio’s story, using examples from each of these books to illustrate the themes, and it offers insight into what it has meant to be a Tzutuhil Maya Indian living in the mid-western highlands for nearly three decades.
(Latin American Studies Program, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 2002-02-15) Salgado, María A.
Los once ensayos que reúne Gladys Ilarregui en esta edición se ocupan de unos temas--la locura, la enfermedad y el cuerpo--tradicionalmente silenciados por la sociedad y que sólo en épocas recientes se han convertido en objeto de investigación literaria. Su edición representa por tanto un acercamiento valioso por lo poco usual al estudio de varios textos y obras de escritoras hispanas.
(Latin American Studies Program, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 2002-02-15) Castro Reyes, Alexánder
Desde la nacionalización bancaria de 1949, el sistema financiero costarricense se ha caracterizado por un marcado intervencionismo estatal en la fijación de las tasas de interés y en la distribución del crédito.
(Latin American Studies Program, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 2002-02-15) Adams, Anna
Mexico Madness: Manifesto for a Disenchanted Generation by Colombian journalist/novelist/ poet Eduardo García Aguilar is an often insightful and moving, sometimes self-indulgent essay inspired by García's journey to Chiapas in December of 1995, one year after the Zapatista uprising.
(Latin American Studies Program, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 2002-08-15) Coello de la Rosa, Alexandre
The purpose of this article is to explore the discursive flaws and moral contradictions in Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo’s writings. These contradictions stem from his post as a royal chronicler of the Indies, which pitted him forcefully against the diabolical Indians while exalting Spain’s providential design, on the one hand, and his own judgment, which led him to criticize the arrogance, greed and military incompetence of some Spanish conquistadors, on the other.
(Latin American Studies Program, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 2002-08-15) Magalhães, Mariano J.
Recent events in Peru, Venezuela, Argentina, and Colombia demonstrate very clearly that democracy remains unconsolidated in Latin America. The instability brought about by massive corruption, populism, economic chaos and guerrilla warfare also indicates that the sustainability of democracy rests on a number of factors. In this paper I apply a theory of military behavior to the 1945 coup d’etat in Brazil that deposed the dictator Getulio Vargas.