Pollution Of Boundary Waters

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The Secretary of State for the Government of the United States and the Secretary of State for External Affairs for the Government of Canada on April I, 1946, made the following Reference to the International Joint Commission through identical letters addressed to the United States and Canadian sections of the Commission. “I have the honor to advise you that the Governments of the United States and Canada have been informed that the waters of the St. Clair River, Lake St. Clair and the Detroit River are being polluted by sewage and industrial wastes emptied into those waters. Having in mind the provisions of Article IV of the Boundary Waters Treaty signed January 11, 1909, that boundary waters and waters flowing across the boundary shall not be polluted on either side to the injury of health or property on the other side, the two Governments have agreed upon a joint Reference on the matter to the International Joint Commission, pursuant to the provisions of Article IX of said Treaty. The Commission is requested to inquire into and report to the two Governments upon the following questions: (1) Are the waters referred to in the preceding paragraph, or any of them, actually being polluted on either side of the boundary to the injury of health or property on the other side of the boundary? (2) If the foregoing question is answered in the affirmative, to what extent, by what causes, and in what localities is such pollution taking place? (3) If the Commission should find that pollution of the character just referred to is taking place, what measures for remedying the situation would, in its judgment, be most practicable from the economic, sanitary and other points of view? (4) If the Commission should find that the construction or maintenance of remedial or preventive works is necessary to render the waters sanitary and suitable for domestic and other uses, it should indicate the nature, location and extent of such works, and the probable cost thereof, and by whom and in what proportions such cost should be borne.
Pollution, Boundary Waters