The International Council for Science (ICSU) formed the Special Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR) in 1957 to help address interdisciplinary science questions related to the ocean. SCOR was the first interdisciplinary body formed by ICSU. SCOR's name was later changed to "Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research" to reflect its more permanent status.
SCOR is an international non-governmental non-profit organization. The SCOR Secretariat is hosted at the University of Delaware and SCOR is incorporated in the State of Maryland as a 501(3)(c) organization.
SCOR activities focus on promoting international cooperation in planning and conducting oceanographic research, and solving methodological and conceptual problems that hinder research. SCOR covers all areas of ocean science and cooperates with other organizations with common interests to conduct many SCOR activities.
SCOR also conducts several different activities to build the capacity for ocean science in developing countries and every SCOR activity includes members from developing countries.
Scientists from thirty-two nations have formed national SCOR committees as a foundation for international SCOR. Approximately 250 scientists from 38 countries currently participate in SCOR activities.
(Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR), 2020) Urban, Edward R.
The SCOR Visiting Scholar program was started in 2009, to send scientists to developing
countries to provide mentoring and teaching using a cost-effective approach. The program was
loosely based on similar programs of the Partnership for Observation of the Global Ocean
(POGO). SCOR issues a call for applications in September/October of each year and the SCOR
Committee on Capacity Building selects applicants each year to serve as Visiting Scholars,
depending on funds available. In recent years, SCOR has been able to support six Visiting
Scholars: three supported with funds from the U.S. National Science Foundation, two with funds
from national SCOR committees, and one with funds from crowdfunding and from the budget of
the SCOR Committee on Capacity Building (which also comes from national SCOR
(Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR), 2020-05-11) Urban, Edward R.
Reference stations, specific locations in the ocean where measurements are made repeatedly, to
monitor changes in ocean parameters, have been established for decades (Cronin et al., 2012).
Long-term data series from these sites are crucial for understanding effects of climate change and
other human-induced environmental changes.
(Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR), 2019-04-10) Urban, Edward R.
The R/V Te Vega conducted 4 cruises as part of U.S. Program in Biology of the International Indian Ocean Expedition of 1959-1965. This document describes where and how biological sampling was conducted on these cruises, and describes how a definitive station list was developed from different sources of data.