2012 Volume 13 Number 1

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    Rondônia, Brazil to New Orleans, USA: Post-Katrina New Orleans as a Brazilian "el dorado"
    (Latin American Studies Program, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 2012-07-31) Gibson, Annie McNeill
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    The Re-Generation of '98
    (Latin American Studies Program, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 2012-07-31) Gunn, Elizabeth
    If the so-called Generation of 1898 reacts to an industrializing, dehumanizing occidental world, it will reportedly turn inward into Spain to regenerate a nation suffering from “abulia” after the loss of the country’s last colonies and in the wake of domestic turmoil. Many of the Generation of ‘98’s traditionally accepted members employ innovative literary forms to position themselves as artists and intellectuals who shall guide Spain on its spiritual journey. While each author approaches regeneration differently, they converge in their belief of salvation by way of an individualistic, spiritual journey meant to question the current political and social state. It is a progressive journey. Among this generation’s traditionally accepted members, Miguel de Unamuno and Pío Baroja offer male protagonists on such an individual, spiritual journey; Ramón del Valle-Inclán depicts the impossible success of such a journey in his experimental esperpentos. In each instance, the authors’ work exposes a traditional stance vis-à-vis females and marriage. Additionally, they either explicitly denounce sexual otherness as counterproductive--as is the case with Baroja’s Camino de perfección--or they denounce it implicitly by perpetuating heterosexual normativity as also with Baroja’s novel, Unamuno’s Niebla and Valle-Inclán’s Luces de bohemia Carmen de Burgos offers a somewhat different perspective in her short novel, El veneno del arte. The group of authors, sharing a fin de siècle concern for Spain, experiments with form, often with nationalistic, propagandizing ends. The Generation of ’98 systematically reinforces heterosexual normativity and marriage for nationalistic purposes, thereby banishing, punishing, or disallowing promiscuity, homosexuality and incest, among others. By addressing instances of such otherness, though, the works in question already point to their own instability and reliance on difference for their own constitution. Therefore, though history is portrayed as progress, it is better understood as a process of difference.
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    Globalisation and Unemployment: Panel Data Evidence from South American Republics
    (Latin American Studies Program, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 2012-07-31) Posso, Alberto
    South American republics have taken substantial steps towards liberalising trade and capital flows since the late-1980s. Coincidentally, the unemployment rate in this region has increased during this period. This phenomenon has led many researchers to conclude that globalisation failed to deliver higher employment in these countries. This article examines whether this is true by focusing on a panel of nine South American republics. The evidence presented suggests that rising imports are behind some of the increment in the unemployment rate in these nations. However, other variables associated with globalisation (exports, FDI, and other capital inflows) are found to have an insignificant effect on the unemployment rate.
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    Personal and National Memory of Dictatorship in La buena educación by Liria Evangelista
    (Latin American Studies Program, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, 2012-07-31) Murphy, Jeanie
    All cultural production, literature in particular, has the potential to create spaces in which the past can be re-envisioned and re-examined. In post-dictatorship Argentina there continues to be a great amount of diversity and dynamism with regard to writing on the nation’s last experience with military rule. In La buena educación, Liria Evangelista makes use of a compelling and complicated web of memories in order to explore the psychological impact of growing up under an authoritarian regime. The feelings of fear and impotence that mark the experiences of the young protagonist become the foundation of her search for self-identity.