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Open access publications by faculty, staff, postdocs, and graduate students at the Center for Disabilities Studies.
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- ItemCorrelates of Anxiety among Adults with Intellectual Disability: A Systematic Literature Review(Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2022-08-16) Powers, Brittany M.; Patterson, Freda; Freedman, Brian H.; Healy, SeanIntroduction: The aim of this systematic review was to synthe- size the literature on the correlates and risk factors of anxiety among adults with ID. Methods: Following the PRISMA guidelines, a systematic search of peer-reviewed literature was conducted across six major electronic databases. From an initial screening of 844 records, 13 studies were included for full-text review. Factors associated with anxiety were categorized utilizing the biopsychosocial model. Methodological quality was evaluated. Results: Correlates of anxiety were identified at all levels of the biopsychosocial model, including psychological or psychiatric diagnoses, level of ID, gender, chronic health conditions, stress- ful life events, and social interactions. Modifiable correlates were discussed as potential targets for designing anxiety interven- tions for adults with ID. Conclusion: Despite the increased recognition of the mental health needs of individuals with ID in recent years, this review highlighted a dearth of research investigating the risk factors of anxiety among this population.