Hydrothermal Leaching of Amylose from Native, Oxidized and Heat-Treated Starches

The kinetics of amylose leaching in hot, excess water from native, oxidized-by-potassium permanganate and heat-treated potato starch at temperatures of 62–90 °C was investigated in isothermal conditions. For the first time, it was proposed to describe the kinetic data by the Kroger–Ziegler equation. It was found that for native starch in the range of 62–70 °C, the activation energy of the amylose leaching process is 192.3 kJ/mol, and at a temperature of 80–90 °C, it decreases to 22 kJ/mol. Similar patterns were established for modified starches. In the kinetic mode, the activation energy was 102.5 kJ/mol for oxidized starch and 44.7 and 82.5 kJ/mol for heat-treated starches at a temperature of 135 °C for 2.5 and 5 h. In the diffusion mode, it was: 18.7 kJ/mol for oxidized and 16.2 and 18.9 kJ/mol for heat-treated starches for 2.5 and 5 h, respectively. It is shown that the consideration of amylose leaching as a heterogeneous pseudochemical process makes it possible to explain the change in the activation energy with increasing temperature by the transition of the leaching process from the kinetic to the diffusion mode. As such a pseudochemical process, it is proposed to consider the breaking of multiple hydrogen bonds between amylose macromolecules. The change in the activation energies of amylose extraction from modified starches is explained by the change in the degree of amylose polymerization. Thin-layer chromatography was used to compare the molecular weight distributions of the resulting modified amylose samples. FTIR spectroscopy and thermal methods of analysis were used to study the transformations of starch during heat treatment.
This article was originally published in Processes. The version of record is available at: https://doi.org/10.3390/pr11051464. © 2023 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
potato starch, modified starch, amylose leaching, energy activation
Nikolenko, Mykola V., Viktoriia D. Myrhorodska-Terentieva, Yuriy Sakhno, Deb P. Jaisi, Blaž Likozar, and Andrii Kostyniuk. 2023. "Hydrothermal Leaching of Amylose from Native, Oxidized and Heat-Treated Starches" Processes 11, no. 5: 1464. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr11051464