Browsing Center for Applied Coastal Research by Author "Kirby, James T."
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ItemA surface porosity approach for eliminating artificial ponding in coastal salt marsh simulations(Coastal Engineering, 2022-11-23) Deb, Mithun; Kirby, James T.; Abdolali, Ali; Shi, FengyanHydrodynamic processes over marsh topography are significantly affected by surface defects such as cuts and rills on channel berms and platforms. These meter-scale features are often missing in the model representation due to the spatial resolution available from data sources, as well as incomplete resolution in the model grid itself. To minimize the artificial hydraulic isolation in the numerical models, we propose implementing an effective porosity algorithm on the marsh surface by considering the fine-scale topography over marsh depressions that control the drainage process. The modification is carried out to eliminate artificial ponding effects observed in model simulations in Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge, DE, USA using the original FVCOM code. Results from the revised and original FVCOM models are compared with pressure gauge data collected from an isolated depression in the marsh platform. The new implementations for proper wetting and drying are efficient and accurate for hydrodynamic modeling inside a complex salt-marsh system, which constitutes a major breakthrough in the context of increasing need for better understanding of physical and morphological changes in valuable coastal ecosystems. ItemBlock-structured, equal-workload, multi-grid-nesting interface for the Boussinesq wave model FUNWAVE-TVD (Total Variation Diminishing)(Geoscientific Model Development, 2022-07-18) Choi, Young-Kwang; Shi, Fengyan; Malej, Matt; Smith, Jane M.; Kirby, James T.; Grilli, Stephan T.We describe the development of a block-structured, equal-CPU-load (central processing unit), multi-grid-nesting interface for the Boussinesq wave model FUNWAVE-TVD (Fully Nonlinear Boussinesq Wave Model with Total Variation Diminishing Solver). The new model framework does not interfere with the core solver, and thus the core program, FUNWAVE-TVD, is still a standalone model used for a single grid. The nesting interface manages the time sequencing and two-way nesting processes between the parent grid and child grid with grid refinement in a hierarchical manner. Workload balance in the MPI-based (message passing interface) parallelization is handled by an equal-load scheme. A strategy of shared array allocation is applied for data management that allows for a large number of nested grids without creating additional memory allocations. Four model tests are conducted to verify the nesting algorithm with assessments of model accuracy and the robustness in the application in modeling transoceanic tsunamis and coastal effects. ItemFourth-order stability analysis for capillary-gravity waves on finite-depth currents with constant vorticity(Physics of Fluids, 2023-02-01) Dhar, A. K.; Kirby, James T.We derive a fourth-order nonlinear evolution equation (NLEE) for narrow-banded Stokes wave in finite depth in the presence of surface tension and a mean flow with constant vorticity. The two-dimensional capillary-gravity wave motion on the surface of finite depth is considered here. The analysis is limited to one horizontal dimension, parallel to the direction of wave propagation, in order to take advantage of a formulation using potential flow theory. This evolution equation is then employed to examine the effect of vorticity on the Benjamin–Feir instability (BFI) of the Stokes capillary-gravity wave trains. It is found that the vorticity modifies significantly the modulational instability and in the case of finite depth, the combined effect of vorticity and capillarity is to enhance the instability growth rate influenced by capillarity when the vorticity is negative. The key point is that the present fourth-order analysis exhibits considerable deviations in the stability properties from the third-order analysis and gives better results consistent with the exact numerical results. Furthermore, the influence of linear shear current on Peregrine breather (PB) is studied. ItemSensitivity of tidal hydrodynamics to varying bathymetric configurations in a multi-inlet rapidly eroding salt marsh system: A numerical study(Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 2021-12-22) Deb, Mithun; Abdolali, Ali; Kirby, James T.; Shi, Fengyan; Guiteras, Susan; McDowell, ConorWe describe the development of a high-resolution, two-dimensional hydrodynamic model for a multi-inlet rapidly eroding tidal wetland on the western shore of Delaware Bay, using the finite-volume, primitive equation community ocean model (FVCOM). Topo-bathymetric surveys, together with water surface and current velocity measurements during calm and stormy conditions, have been conducted to support model validation. The tested model is then used to quantify the tide-induced residual transport and asymmetry at major inlet entrances to determine the governing hydrodynamics. We chose a skewness method to calculate the tidal asymmetry and serve as a proxy for sediment transport estimates. The effects of the dredging of an artificial entrance channel and progressive channel deepening in shifting wetland hydrodynamics are shown by developing a scenario analysis. Model results show that the artificially dredged channel has altered the volume exchange at other inlet entrances and increased the net seaward export. The changes in the characteristic frequency of the frictional dissipation in the channel and the system's natural frequency are investigated using a simple ocean–inlet–bay analytical model. Subsequently, we have compared the channel friction scale to the inertia scale and observed that the new connection and gradual channel deepening reduce the overall frictional dominance. Ultimately, the study has shown how the short- and long-term channel bathymetry changes, mainly the artificially dredged channel and progressive channel deepening, can affect the connected system's net circulation and trigger internal marsh erosion.