The Challenges for Unconventional Response Agencies in Serving Haitian Earthquake Survivors: The Needs in ICS Training and Practices

Author(s)Kelly, Joshua
Author(s)Arlikatti, Sudha
Author(s)Kendra, James
Author(s)Nigg, Joanne
Author(s)Torres, Manuel
Date Accessioned2014-12-08T14:09:57Z
Date Available2014-12-08T14:09:57Z
Publication Date2011
AbstractThe Haiti earthquake of January 12th, 2010 provided a unique opportunity to further our knowledge concerning “mass invacuation” planning processes. No systematic research assessment has been undertaken to look at how host communities manage the process of receiving evacuees, providing immediate mass care, and resettling displaced individuals. This research focuses on the initial phase of the evacuation/invacuation process of the 2010 Haiti Earthquake, from the day after the earthquake (January 13, 2010) through April 2011. The data has been collected as part of an NSF-RAPID grant, a collaborative proposal between the University of Delaware and the University of North Texas, organizations are the units of analysis, and we have used qualitative interview techniques as our data collection method. Reviewing our data has highlighted the challenges faced by public sector emergency managers as they interacted with and attempted to integrate unconventional emergency response organizations into the Incident Command System. Lindell and Perry (2007) state that in order for planning and preparedness for emergencies to be effective, stakeholders at every level need to be included. Further findings may suggest how alternative emergency response organizations can plan and train for mass evacuation events or how conventional emergency responders can integrate them within the ICS modular structure. Thus, organizations that seldom play a role in disaster events may be better integrated into disaster response functions when necessary. Overall, disasters are likely to occur more often in the future, leading to more mass evacuations and increasingly complex responsibilities for organizations that, in the past, may not have played a role (Quarentelli 1990). In order to meet the needs of future invacuees/evacuees, public, private, and nonprofit stakeholders need to find new solutions towards collaboration and training while simultaneously meeting current NIMS and ICS requirements.en_US
PublisherDisaster Research Centeren_US
Part of SeriesPreliminary Papers;
Part of SeriesPreliminary Paper;368
KeywordsCaring for Survivorsen_US
KeywordsDisaster Responseen_US
KeywordsInterorganizaitonal Linksen_US
KeywordsEmergency Managementen_US
KeywordsEarthquake-Case Studiesen_US
TitleThe Challenges for Unconventional Response Agencies in Serving Haitian Earthquake Survivors: The Needs in ICS Training and Practicesen_US
TypeWorking Paperen_US
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