A Test Of Culture Opposition's Power Grid

Aguirre, Benigno E.
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Disaster Research Center
The paper uses culture of opposition theory to identify ten attributes of cultures of opposition (CO) in state polities. It then uses these general attributes of CO to construct a measure of knowledge of the culture of opposition (CO) and of a set of covariates using information from Cuba. Six theoretically derived dimensions are used to group the sixteen covariates included in the OLS models. They are oppositional politics, respondents' perceptions and activities in relation to the dissidence in the island, the use of mass media, integration with state, evaluation of life in Cuba, and the economic situation of the respondents. OLS is used to model the experiences of 1023 Cuban immigrants who participated in the recently completed survey "Measuring Cuban Opinion Project." Six hypotheses are tested. The results support most of the predictions. Knowledge of the culture of opposition is: a.positively associated with the extent to which respondents feel repressed by the state and with their tendency to perceive people to be opposed to the government's repressive tactics; b. is positively associated with the extent to which respondents develop dissidents' self-conceptions, participate in dissident organizations, and perceive people as respecting the dissidents; c. negatively correlated with lack of access to news from abroad; d. negatively associated with membership in state organizations prior to emigrating from Cuba; e. positively associated with hatred of the leaders and organization of the Cuban state and if respondents thought that there had not been advances in public health and education. Contrary to the prediction, knowledge of the culture declines among respondents who faced great difficulties and were engaged in marginal, quasi-illegal occupations. The conclusion spells out the theoretical implications of these findings.
culture of opposition theory , State Polities , Cuba