Restoration Activities Following the Izmit, Turkey Earthquake of August 17, 1999

Webb, Gary R.
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Disaster Research Center
By any standard or definition, the earthquake that struck northwestern Turkey on August 17, 1999 was a major disaster. Measuring 7.4 on the Richter scale, the earthquake was centered near the cities of Izmit, Golcuk, and Adapazari. It damaged or destroyed as many as 100,000 buildings, left hundreds of thousands of people homeless, and, according to official estimates, resulted in the deaths of nearly 16,000 people. The earthquake also had a major impact on large industrial facilities in the region, and estimates of its economic impacts vary between 5 billion and 10 billion U.S. dollars. While preliminary estimates of the economic costs associated with the earthquake vary widely, actual costs will likely be substantial given the sheer magnitude of the event. Because the earthquake occurred in a largely urban and industrialized area, it resulted in widespread physical damage and severe social and economic disruptions.
earthquake , restoration , Turkey earthquake , natural disaster