An Examination of Gender Roles in Crowds
Webb, Gary R.
Neal, David M.
Phillips, Brenda D.
Disaster Research Center
In this paper, we examine gender roles in three crowd events, focusing on the continuity of conventional gender roles. This focus allows us to address the relationship between institutionalized and collective behavior, suggesting limitations of the "extra-institutionall' model of collective behavior. Social contagion approaches to collective behavior, focusing on its extrainstitutional quality, suggest that these forms of behavior represent distinct departures from nstitutionalized behavior. In contrast, more recent collective behavior scholarship, for example the emergent norm and emergent social structure approaches, characterize collective and institutionalized behavior as continuous.
gender roles , crowds , collective behavior