Disaster Preparedness And Response: Research Findings And Guidance From The Social Science Literature
Tierney, Kathleen J.
Disaster Research Center
The management of disasters typically is described as consisting of four phases: mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery. Mitigation consists of "policies and actions taken before an event which are intended to minimize the extent of damage when an event does occur" (Drabek, Mushkatel, and Kilijanek, 1983: 12). Such measures include land-use regulations; decisions about where to locate particular facilities, settlements, and activities; the application of design and engineering principles to make structures disaster-resistant; and other policies and activities enacted beforehand to minimize the life-safety hazards, damage, and social disruption resulting from disasters.
Disaster Preparedness , response , recovery , mitigation