Gender Composition in Social Movement Organizations: The Predominance of Women in Emergent Citizen Group in Disaster
Neal, David M.
Disaster Research Center
This paper examines potential conditions associated with the gender composition of one type of social movement organization, an emergent citizen group (ECG) in disaster. Knowledge of the gender composition of social movements represents an important addition to class, religious, ethnic, and attitudinal foci. This paper will comment on the (preliminary) conclusions of the formal voluntary organization and social movement literature concerning the role of gender in these social phenomena. The predominance of women in ECG’s may be interpreted as a consequence of task structure, previous existing networks, recruitment strategies, perceived discretionary time, and perceived conflict between involvement in ECG’s and commitment to other roles.
gender , ECG , emergent citizen group , social movement