A Critical Review Of Emergency Evacuation Simulation Models
Aguirre, Benigno E.
Disaster Research Center
The paper presents a critical review of selected simulation models including (1) flow based, (2) cellular automata, (3) agent-based, and (4) activity-based models, as well as of three simulation models that incorporate social scientific processes--FIRESCAP, EXODUS, and the Multi-Agent Simulation for Crisis Management. It concludes by pointing out the so far ignored insights that could be derived from the fields of social psychology and social organization. A number of predictions regarding the effects of social organizational variables on the timing and movement of evacuating groups are presented. Proceeding of Conference “Building Occupant Movement During Fire Emergencies,” June 10-11, 2004. Gaithersburg, Maryland: National Institute of Standards and Technology, (forthcoming).
Evacuation , Simulations