Mathematical Models Of Water Quality In Large Lakes Part 2: Lake Erie

Date
1980-07
Authors
Di Toro, Dominic M.
Connolly, John P.
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Abstract
This research was undertaken to develop and apply a mathematical model of the water quality in large lakes, particularly Lake Huron and Saginaw Bay (Part 1) and Lake Erie (Part 2). A mathematical model was developed for analysis of the interactions between nutrient discharges to Lake Erie, the response of phytoplankton to these discharges, and the dissolved oxygen depletion that occurs as a consequence. Dissolved oxygen, phytoplankton chlorophyll for diatoms and nondiatoms, zooplankton biomass, nutrient concentrations in available and unavailable forms and inorganic carbon are considered in the model. Extensive water quality data for Lake Erie was analyzed and statistically reduced. Comparison of data from 1970 and 1973-74 to model calculations served for calibration of the model. A verification computation was also performed for 1975, a year when no anoxia was observed. Recent developments in phytoplankton growth and uptake kinetics are included in this analysis. The methods of sedimentary geochemistry are expanded to include an analysis of sediment oxygen demand within the framework of mass balances. Projected effects of varying degrees of phosphorus removal on dissolved oxygen, anoxic area, chlorophyll, transparency and phosphorus concentration are presented. This report was submitted in fulfillment of Grant No. R803030 by Manhattan College under the sponsorship of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. This report covers the project period March 26, 1974 to March 25,1977.
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Keywords
Mathematical Models , Water Quality , Large Lakes , Lake Erie
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