Browsing Center for Applied Coastal Research by Subject "numerical modeling"
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- ItemNumerical modeling of intertidal mudflat profile evolution under waves and currents(Coastal Engineering Journal, 2022-06-25) Miranda, Paterno S.; Kobayashi, NobuhisaThe erosional and accretional profile changes of an intertidal mudflat are examined using available field data and the cross-shore numerical model CSHORE that is extended to allow for a mixture of sand and mud. The semidiurnal migration of the still water shoreline and surf zone is resolved numerically to predict the net cross-shore and longshore sediment transport rates influenced by the small cross-shore (undertow) and longshore currents induced by breaking waves of about 0.2 m height. Alongshore sediment loss or gain is included by approximating the alongshore sediment transport gradient using an equivalent alongshore length. The calibrated CSHORE reproduces the measured erosional (accretional) profile change of about 0.1 m (0.1 m) over a cross-shore distance of 950 m during the erosional (accretional) interval of 206 (195) days. The mudflat profile changes are equally affected by mud characteristics, the semidiurnal tide amplitude, and the wave height, period, and direction. In addition, the alongshore water level gradient and wind stress influence longshore current and sediment transport. This study shows the importance of sediment transport in the surf zone that may have been excluded in previous numerical modeling.
- ItemSensitivity of tidal hydrodynamics to varying bathymetric configurations in a multi-inlet rapidly eroding salt marsh system: A numerical study(Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 2021-12-22) Deb, Mithun; Abdolali, Ali; Kirby, James T.; Shi, Fengyan; Guiteras, Susan; McDowell, ConorWe describe the development of a high-resolution, two-dimensional hydrodynamic model for a multi-inlet rapidly eroding tidal wetland on the western shore of Delaware Bay, using the finite-volume, primitive equation community ocean model (FVCOM). Topo-bathymetric surveys, together with water surface and current velocity measurements during calm and stormy conditions, have been conducted to support model validation. The tested model is then used to quantify the tide-induced residual transport and asymmetry at major inlet entrances to determine the governing hydrodynamics. We chose a skewness method to calculate the tidal asymmetry and serve as a proxy for sediment transport estimates. The effects of the dredging of an artificial entrance channel and progressive channel deepening in shifting wetland hydrodynamics are shown by developing a scenario analysis. Model results show that the artificially dredged channel has altered the volume exchange at other inlet entrances and increased the net seaward export. The changes in the characteristic frequency of the frictional dissipation in the channel and the system's natural frequency are investigated using a simple ocean–inlet–bay analytical model. Subsequently, we have compared the channel friction scale to the inertia scale and observed that the new connection and gradual channel deepening reduce the overall frictional dominance. Ultimately, the study has shown how the short- and long-term channel bathymetry changes, mainly the artificially dredged channel and progressive channel deepening, can affect the connected system's net circulation and trigger internal marsh erosion.